Why was this sort of assembly, which passed judgment, also called samgiti?

发布日期:2019-02-01   字体大小:   

 

Because both assemblies engaged in the recital of Sutta (Pitaka) and Vinaya (Pali). The Samgiti of 700 lasted for about eight months, the duration of the “Samgiti of 10,000” was presumably not very short, though there is no record. It can be seen that the parties sought not only to resolve the issue of acceptance of gold and silver, but to validate their ideas by revising the Sutta and Vinaya. Comparative study of the two vinayas of these two sects shows that the Mahasamghika-vinaya was more comprehensive and strict; the Mahasamghika-vinaya cut out some of the minor precepts and loosened some rules (including alms begging for gold and silver), whereas the Sabbatthivada-vinaya took a diametrically opposite position. Obviouly, the second Samgiti. As most of the participants of the Samgiti of 700 were orthodox Theras, the sect formed by them was named Theravada. Today, Buddhists in Southern countries call themselves Theravadins for they inherited their teachings from this tradition. Since the Vajjian Bhikkhus held the assembly of 10,000 the sect of this majority was known as Mahasamghika. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)