What is a Living Buddha?

发布日期:2017-10-26   字体大小:   


In Mongolian and Tibetan Buddism, those who achieve exceptional cultivation and are able to reincarnate (get rebirth) according to their own will are called “?pbrulsku” (Tibetan) or “Hobilghan” (Mongolian) meaning reincarnater or incarnation. In the Han-inhabited regions, however, they are commonly called living Buddhas. The title probably has something to do with the fact that the emperors of the Ming Dynasty conferred the title of “Western Buddha of Great Goodness and Freedom” on Dhammarāja (religious leader) of the Bkah-brgyud-pa Sect who was the ruler of Tibet at that time, and the same title was conferred on the Dalais by the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. In fact such titles do not make sense according to Buddhist doctrine. Besides, there is no such term as living Buddha in Tibetan and Mongolian Buddhism. Similarly, the Buddhist Bhikkhus of Dai nationality are called by Han people “Foye” (Buddha). This is a misnomer and is not used by the people of Dai nationality themselves. (From Essentials of Buddhism: Questions and Answers)